Today on the ‘National Science Day’ it also happened to be the budget announcement day for India.
On the occasion of National Science Day, the Prime Minister of India, Shri. Narendra Modi remembered the efforts of Indian scientists. Here are the tweets of the Prime Minister on this occasion.
National Science Day is an occasion to remember the dedication, determination & untiring efforts of our scientists. They are India's pride. — Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) February 28, 2015
Science & technology will determine India's future, just as it has played a crucial role in bringing our Nation to where we are today.Shri. Arun Jaitley, today in parliament, presented the national budget for 2015-16.
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) February 28, 2015
As citizens, we are concerned about the socio-economic impact of budget viz., the tax rate, price rise and fall of commodities, infrastructure and other development. However, scientists and researchers are more concerned about the budget plan for the research activities. Here, we have analyzed the budget 2015-16 with reference to the allocation and announcement made for research in science, agriculture, ecology and environment.
Department of Science and Technology
Total budget outlay for the year 2015-16 for department of science and technology is Rs.3835.70 crores compared to Rs.2898 crores and 2600.84 crores in 2014-15 and 2013-14 respectively. So there is an increase of 32% over the last budget.
For the 23 independent autonomous institutions and professional bodies under department of science and technology, put together the plan and non-plan amount Rs. 872.50 crores have been allotted.
Out of the total allocated budget to department of science and technology, an amount of about Rs.300 crores have been allocated for multi-disciplinary research in science and technology. For mega facilities for basic science and research Rs. 99 crores have been allocated.
For technology development programme and S & T Programmes for Socio Economic Development an amount of rs.154 crores have been allocated for each. Technology development programme aims to develop indigenous technology through joint projects with industry and socio-economic Ministries. S&T Entrepreneurship Development, Science & Society Programme, S&T Communication & Popularization, which were hitherto separate Plan schemes have now been merged and renamed as - S&T Programme for Socio Economic Development - insofar as budget outlays are concerned.
For ‘Technical Research Centre’ an amount of Rs.137.50 crores have been allocated. Last year (2014-15) it was initially Rs125 crores which was later revised and reduced to Rs. 1 crore only. This provision is for a new initiative for Technical Research Centres.
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) is an important department under the ministry of science and technology for which the budget allocation for the year 2015-16 is Rs.4031 crores. Major portion (Rs.3979.30 crores) of this budget amount will go to Council of scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
CSIR implements diverse scientific activities and schemes through different CSIR institutes located across the country. CSIR will spend an amount of Rs.2745 crores through the national laboratory scheme which includes the proposal of opening five new CSIR institutes namely; CSIR-Institute of Synthetic and Systems Biology, CSIR Fourth Paradigm Institute, CSIR-Institute of Biomimetic Materials, CSIR-Network Institute of Solar Energy and the CSIR-Network Institute of Manufacturing Technology.
For ‘Research Scheme, Scholarship and Fellowship’ under CSIR an amount of Rs.288 crores have been assigned. Again important to mention, hike in fellowship was announced for Junior Research Fellows (JRFs), Senior Research Fellows (SRFs) and others.
Though there is a substantial increase in the budget allocation (2015-16:Rs.2745 crores; 2014-15:Rs.2203.63 crores; 2013-14: Rs.2111.70 crores) for National Laboratories under CSIR, there is no increase in ‘Research Scheme, Scholarship and Fellowship’ as compared to last financial year.
Department of Biotechnology
Department of biotechnology (DBT) has an outlay of rs 1625.14 crores in the current budget. Out of which about Rs.500 crores are allocated for sixteen autonomous institutuin and profession body working under the administrative control of the department.
Assistance of Rs.775.50 crores will be disbursed to different scientific bodies under the head Human Resource Development (HRD), Bioinformatics, Research & Development - R&D projects, including international collaboration programmes, Grand Challenge Programme, Programme for Promotion of Excellence, Biotech Facilities, etc. Major (Rs.470 crores) will be spent for R&D projects, where as for bioinformatics amount of Rs.43 crores will be provided which is almost twice the amount of last year.
For public private partnership under the schemes - Small Business Innovation Research Initiative (SBIRI), Biotechnology Industry Partnership Programme (BIPP), Support to Biotech Industrial Parks and Expanding the Industry Innovation Funding Schemes beyond SBIRI and BIPP schemes, etc. there is a provision of an amount of Rs.69 crores.
Interestingly, no fund has been allocated for international co-operation under DBT.
To develop biotechnology clusters Rs.90 crores have allocated including Rs.10 crores for North East Region. Perhaps the provisions of a total amount of Rs.160.68 crores have been kept for the projects/schemes for the North East Region.
Department of Agricultural Research and Education
Total out lay for this budget 2015-16 for Department of Agricultural research and education is Rs.6320 crores. This includes mainly payment of grant-in-aid of Rs.5912.21 crores to enable to meet the various expenditure on various research institutes under the administrative control of ‘Indian Council of Agriculture and Research (ICAR)’. Provisions are for its several research projects, schemes and activities including National Innovation Agricultural Project.
Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
A sum total of around Rs.131 crores have been allocated for research activities of which Indian Council for Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) will be provided Rs.125.60 crores. ICFRE has eight Regional Research institutes and four advanced research centre in different Eco-Geographic Regions of the country to take care of the research needs for the regions.
With objectives to survey of the plant resources of the country, complete taxonomic studies of all the flora of the country, listing endangered species and undertaking measures for their effective conservation, to identify, collect and preserve specimens of plant useful to human being economically and otherwise, Botanical Survey of India (BSI) has been allocated a total sum of Rs.64.29 crores.
Under the head ‘research and ecological restoration’ a sum of about Rs.121 crores have been allocated of which Rs.100crores have been allocated for national Mission of Himalayan Studies and Rs.4.85 crores for research and development.
Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change have been allocated Rs.160crores for ‘mission on climate change and adaptation’
The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB), under the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) as part of its mandate, has been taking steps for conservation and cultivation of medicinal plants, focus on R&D, setting up quality standards, awareness raising, institutional strengthening and increased outreach through various State agencies like State Forest Departments, R&D organizations, facilitation centres, agriculture universities etc. During this budget NMPB has been allocated an amount of Rs.61 crores.
Rs.50 lacs have been allocated to National Institute of Medicinal Plants.
National Mission on Medicinal Plants was integrated with National AYUSH Mission in September 2014 comprising of other components of AYUSH services. Put together an amount of Rs.318 crores have been allocated during this budget of which provision of Rs.8crore is for North East region under National Mission on Medicinal Plants. Rs.20.40 crores have been allocated for North Eastern Institute of Folk Medicine.
*****Note- Inputs for the above information was taken from India Budget Bulletin available Indian Budget Portal.