Saturday, 23 August 2014

Twenty Nine Plant Species New to Science Discovered from India in 2013


During the year 2013 the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) has discovered twenty nine new species to science. Out of these 29 species/varieties 20 are angiosperms, 8 fungi and 1 lichen. In addition 40 new records for India (species/ varieties) have been described during the year 2013. BSI is the apex research organisation under the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country through survey, documentation and conservation.


Species new to science discovered from India during the year 2013 listed below along with its family and reference. 

Table 1:List of plant species new to science discovered from India during 2013

S.No
Species
Family
Reference
1
Caloplaca gyrophorica
Teloschistaceae
Jagadeesh, Y. Joshi & G.P. Sinha, 2013
2
Chrysosplenium arunachalense
Saxifragaceae
M. Bhaumik, 2014
3
Colocasia boyceana
Araceae
R. Gogoi & S. Borah, 2013
4
Colocasia dibangensis
Araceae
R. Gogoi & S. Borah, 2013
5
Colocasia lihengiae
Araceae
R. Gogoi & S. Borah, 2013
6
Eragrostis collinensis  
Poaceae
C.P. Vivek, G.V.S. Murthy & V.J. Nair, 2013
7
Eragrostis minor Host var. rajasthanensis
Poaceae
C.P.Vivek, G.V.S.Murthy & V.J.Nair
8
Eriocaulon kannurense
Eriocaulaceae
Sunil et al, 2013
9
Galium kulluense
Rubiaceae
An.Kumar, Ranjan & S.C.Srivastava, 2013
10
Impatiens lohitensis
Balsaminaceae
Gogoi & Borah, 2013
11
Inonotus ryvardenii
Hymenochaetaceae
J. R. Sharma and D. Mishra
12
Kamalomyces mahabaleshwarensis
Tubeufiaceae
R.Dubey & A.M.Neelima, 2013
13
Lemna landoltii
Lemnaceae
Halder & Venu, 2013
14
Macrosolen andamanensis
Loranthaceae
Lal Ji Singh, 2013
15
Muhlenbergia rakchamesis
Poaceae
S. Arumugam, G.V.S.Murthy & V.J.Nair
16
Musa indandamanensis
Musaceae
Lal Ji Singh, 2014
17
Musa markkui
Musaceae
R. Gogoi & S. Borah, 2013
18
Musa puspanjaliae
Musaceae
R. Gogoi & Hakkinen, 2013
19
Poronia radicata
Xylariaceae
M.E.Hembrom, A.Parihar & K.Das, 2013
20
Pternopetalum arunachalense
Apiaceae
M. Bhaumik & P. Satyanar, 2013
21
Russula dubdiana
Russulaceae
K. Das, Atri & Buyck, 2013
22
Russula sharmae
Russulaceae
K. Das, Atri & Buyck, 2013
23
Russula sikkimensis
Russulaceae
K. Das, Atri & Buyck, 2013
24
Sonerila veldkampiana
Melastomataceae
Ratheesh Narayanan et al., 2013
25
Stachybotrys citri
Dematiaceae
R.Dubey & A.K.Pandey, 2013
26
Striga scottiana
Scrophulariaceae
Jeeva, Shynin. Brintha & Rasingam, 2012
27
Strobilomyces sikkimensis
Boletaceae
K. Das, 2014
28
Toxicodendron bimannii
Anacardiaceae
Barbhuiya, 2013
29
Volutella rauwolfii
Dematiaceae
R.Dubey & A.K.Pandey, 2013
  Source: Annual Report 2013-14, MoE&F, Govt of India             Text and Data Collation: www.indianbotanists.com

During the year maximum number of new records for a state or region were recorded for Arunachal Pradesh (53) followed by Andaman & Nicobar Island (20), Mizoram (16), Sikkim (14) and North East Region (4). 3 new species were recorded each for Bihar and Uttarakhand where as one new record for each was added for Himalayan region, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.

 Table 2: New records of plant species for a region/state in India
S.No
States/Region
Number of Species Recorded
1
Himalayas
1
2
North East Region
4
3
Andaman & Nicobar Island
20
4
Arunachal Pradesh
53
5
Assam
1
6
Bihar
3
7
Goa
1
8
Gujarat
1
9
Maharashtra
1
10
Mizoram
16
11
Nagaland
1
12
Rajasthan
1
13
Sikkim
14
14
Tamil Nadu
1
15
Uttarakhand
3
16
West Bengal
1
 Source: Annual Report 2013-14, MoE&F, Govt of India 
 Text and Data Collation: www.indianbotanists.com

The above data reflects that Arunachal Pradesh has maximum plant diversity in India. Further new records to science, for India and for any region or states emphasise that many more new species has to be discovered before it becomes extinct by means of road, dams and other infrastructure construction. Infrastructure development might have caused destruction of habitat of many plants before it is known to science.

1 comment:

  1. Fungi are not plants - they are a sister group to the animals

    ReplyDelete

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